Planning & Development
Neighborhood Assesments
Residents of Camp Zachary Taylor voted on top neighborhood priorities during the NAP public workshop with Center For Neighborhoods.

Completed Neighborhood Snapshots (NAPs)

Click one of the following links to jump to a specific Neighborhood Snapshot, or scroll down the page.

Camp Zachary Taylor

Wikipedia Entry on Camp Zachary Taylor

Camp Taylor is a neighborhood and former military base six miles southeast of downtown Louisville, Kentucky , USA . First announced on June 11, 1917 it was originally a military camp named for former president Zachary Taylor . For a time it was America's largest military training camp, housing 47,500 men at one time, and spurred development in an area that was previously dominated by farmland.

Most of the camp was dismantled after World War I and a residential neighborhood emerged, composed mostly of small bungalow and Cape Cod homes, many built or purchased by soldiers returning from the war. Many of these buildings were built from lumber and other materials from the dismantled military buildings. The working class community was annexed by Louisville in 1950.

F. Scott Fitzgerald was stationed at Camp Taylor and mentions it in his novel The Great Gatsby .


Deer Park

Wikipedia Entry on Deer Park

Deer Park is a neighborhood four miles southeast of downtown Louisville, Kentucky , USA. Most of the neighborhood was developed from 1890 through the 1920s as a streetcar suburb , with all but six of its 24 subdivisions being developed by 1917, and the last laid out by 1935, although some development west of Norris Place continued after World War II . [1]

Deer Park's boundaries are Bardstown Road, Newburg Road, Eastern Parkway, and Douglass Boulevard. Deer Park is considered a part of a larger area of Louisville called The Highlands .

Prior to subdivision, it was agricultural. The origin of the name is not entirely clear, although recent campaigns to "put the deer back in Deer Park" have seen colorful deer sculptures placed at local businesses, parodying a Louisville-wide campaign with larger horse sculptures placed similarly.




Highgate Springs





Phoenix Hill

Wikipedia Entry on Phoenix Hill

Phoenix Hill is a neighborhood just east of Downtown Louisville in Louisville, Kentucky , USA . Its boundaries are Market Street to the north, Preston Street to the west, Broadway to the south, and Baxter Avenue to the east. The area was originally known as Preston's Enlargement, part of the land granted to Colonial William Preston in 1774. The area was annexed by Louisville in 1827 , and was densely populated by the time of the Civil War . Some of the Bloody Monday riots occurred in Phoenix Hill near the St. Martin of Tours church.

A triangular portion of the neighborhood bounded by Beargrass Creek was not developed at all before the Civil War. Though a park was built in 1865 , most of the land was not developed until the 1890s .

An important local business still continuing in 2006 , in one way or another, was the Phoenix Hill Brewery, established in 1865 , which also established the nearby park. Orators including William Jennings Bryan and Teddy Roosevelt spoke there before it was closed (partially because of Prohibition ) in 1919 .

The housing stock was heavily composed of Shotgun houses , and the residents were predominantly German in heritage, until after World War II , when many left for the suburbs. Revitalization efforts began in 1977 , when mayor Harvey Sloane obtained federal funds for rebuilding. The area now is known for its many popular nightclubs, such as Phoenix Hill Tavern.




Wikipedia Entry on Schnitzelburg

Schnitzelburg is a neighborhood three miles southeast of downtown Louisville, Kentucky USA.

The area was first plotted in 1866 by D.H. Meriwether and known as Meriwether's Enlargement, but actual construction didn't begin until 1891 when a streetcar line extended to the intersection of Goss and Texas Avenues. The first residents in Schnitzelburg were immigrants who arrived there from Germany , many of whom were carpenters, lending to the neighborhood's name, which translates into "carpenter town".

Schnitzelburg is famous for a street ball game called "Dainty", where a flat, bat-like stick is used to strike another stick on the ground, making it airborne, which is then hit like a baseball as far as possible. Every July the World Dainty Championship is held in the neighborhood.

Check's Cafe is located at the intersection of Hickory and Burnett Streets and is among Louisville's better known restaurants. Manual Stadium is located in Schnitzelburg.

Its boundaries are Clarks Lane to the south, Shelby Street to the west, CSX railroad tracks to the north, and Goss Avenue to the east.


The neighborhood assessment process can be best understood by discussing its component parts [see the 5 stage NAP process]. Portland’s neighborhood assessment process was undertaken as a preamble to the larger neighborhood plan project. The size of Portland, both physically and population-wise, necessitated defining smaller and more manageable sub-areas for the purposes of assessment (A, B, C, D, & E - see the map). The sub-areas were identified based on distinct characteristics and similarities, such as architectural cohesion, land-use, and boundaries. For example, the 22nd street corridor was identified as a physical boundary that separated sub-area A from its neighbors. Sub-areas C & D were combined into one large assessment area. Portland has a total of four NAPs: A, B, C & D, and E.

Area A

Area B

Area C & D

Area E


Wikipedia Entry on Portland

Portland is a neighborhood and former independent town two miles northwest of downtown Louisville, Kentucky . In its early days it was the largest of the six major settlements at the Falls of the Ohio River , the others being Shippingport and Louisville in Kentucky and New Albany , Clarksville , and Jeffersonville on the Indiana side.

The United States Marine Hospital of Louisville? is considered the best remaining antebellum hospital in the United States

Portland was laid out in 1811 by Joshua Barclay and Alexander Ralston with a Northwest to Southeast street grid (still noticeable on maps and a contrast to the untilted grid of the rest of Louisville). It was located at the only natural obstacle on the Ohio River, so boats traveling on the Ohio had to stop and unload their goods and then move them by land two miles and reload them on another boat. With a captive audience and a need for freight hauling, Portland flourished as numerous taverns, warehouses, and shipyards were built. By 1817 the original street grid had run out of room and was expanded to 40th Street on the west and 13th Street on the east in 1817 to facilitate the additional growth.

In 1830 a canal was built around the Falls, causing many of the warehouses and shipyards to close and shifting ecomomic power on the Falls to nearby Louisville, although Portland would continue to grow as many French and Irish immigrants moved there. It was incorporated in 1834, but then annexed by Louisville in 1837 after a compromise in which the canal would be widened to handle larger ships, but a new rail line going from Lexington to the Ohio River would go to Portland's wharf instead of Louisville's. However, after the new line didn't connect to the wharf, Portlanders voted in 1842 to become independent again, although 10 years later the area was annexed a second time.

Portland would continue a slow decline through the 1920s. Major floods in 1937 and 1945 drove many middle class families from the area. In the 1960s, construction of Interstate 64 lead to the razing of significant portions of Portland closest to the river, including the old Portland Wharf. However, the portions of the neighborhood away from the interstate were largely untouched by urban renewal, and retain a great number of older buildings.

As of 2000, the population of Portland was 11,810 [1] . The population is still predominantly white. Prior to 1960, blacks were effectively unable to live in the neighborhoods north of Broadway, which included Portland. However, during white flight the areas surrounding Portland became almost entirely black.

There are many historic landmarks in Portland, including the United States Marine Hospital of Louisville? ; (1847) (currently being restored), the Notre Dame du Port Church (1841) (now the Church of Our Lady), the Montgomery Street School (1852) and the Portland Museum . The entire Portland Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places . The Riverwalk, a seven mile long paved bike trail, goes through the area.

Its modern neighborhood boundaries are the Ohio River , 10th Street, West Market Street and I-264 .

In 2006, Portland was named by First Lady Laura Bush to be a Preserve America community. Communities designated through the program are allowed to use the Preserve America logo on signs and promotional materials and are eligible to apply for grants that will be administered by the U.S. Department of the Interior.

St. Joseph

Wikipedia Entry on St. Joseph

St. Joseph is a neighborhood two miles south of downtown Louisville, Kentucky , USA , and immediately east of the University of Louisville . The area was named after the St Joseph's Infirmary hospital, which was established by the Sisters of Charity of Nazareth . The building, once located at the corner of Preston Street and Eastern Parkway, was razed in 1980.

The area was settled by mostly German immigrants from Bavaria in the 1900s. The housing stock is composed of shotgun houses . St Stephen's Cemetery, established 1851, is located in the northern part of the neighborhood. Three Jewish cemeteries, Temple Cemetery, Adath Jeshuran Cemetery, and Keneseth Israel Cemetery are located next to each other in the southern part.

St. Joseph's boundaries are I-65 to the west, Norfolk Southern Railroad to the south, and Preston Street to the east.

City of Crossgate


Wikipedia Entry on Germantown

Germantown is a neighborhood three miles southeast of downtown Louisville, Kentucky , USA. Germantown is also a general term for an area of Louisville from the Original Highlands to St Joseph and Bradley neighborhoods that were predominantly settled by Germans. The actual neighborhood is bounded by Barrett Ave, Eastern Parkway, and the South Fork of Beargrass Creek.

The area was settled as small farms and butcher shops by German immigrants in the 1870s. At this time area was nicknamed 'Frogtown' because the adjacent Beargrass Creek frequently flooded the area, causing numerous epidemics of malaria. The flooding problem was solved when Beargrass Creek was routed into a much deeper concrete canal. The area was subdivided and developed heavily during the 1890s, when the largest collection of shotgun houses in the city of Louisville was built.

In 1907, a bridge was built across the South Fork of Beargrass Creek which allowed French settlers north of the creek, in an area called Paristown, to attend the one Catholic church in the area.

The German-Paristown Neighborhood Association was founded in 1973, making it one of Louisville's very first neighborhood associations.

Crescent Hill

Wikipedia Entry on Crescent Hill

Crescent Hill is a neighborhood four miles east of downtown Louisville, Kentucky USA. Area was originally called "Beargrass" because it sits on a ridge between two forks of Beargrass Creek

Development first began during the 1850s when the Louisville and Lexington turnpike (now Frankfort Avenue) and the Louisville and Frankfort railroad were built through the area. In 1853 a 38-acre fair grounds were built and were used to host the Agriculture and Technology fair, which had 20,000 visitors on one day in 1857. In 1883 the fair grounds were razed & St Joseph's Orphanage was built in its place.

The boundaries of Crescent Hill are N Ewing Ave to the St. Matthews city limit (roughly Cannons Lane) by Brownsboro Road to Lexington Road. Frankfort Avenue generally bisects the neighborhood.

Attractions in Crescent Hill include the Louisville Water Company Reservoir and the Peterson-Dumesnil House.








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